Tareem, Hadramaut, Yemen (South)
The Prophet peace be upon him prayed, “Oh Allah, bless us in our Yemen.” Time after time, the Prophet’s prayer has been proven its acceptance and its blessings yield remain for all time.
Tareem is the religious and spiritual capital of Hadramaut. Located in the Valley of Hadramaut in South Yemen, South Arabia. Its establishment dates back to at least a century before the Common Era and it is named after its founder, Tareem. Its people accepted Islam in the time of the Prophet peace be upon him and remained firm after his passing, when some tribes in the region waivered.
They promised their loyalty to Sayyiduna Abu Bakr as-Siddiq may Allah be pleased with him as soon as he was instated Khalifah. He subsequently made three supplications for the city and its people. He asked that the city:
- Remains inhabited until the Day of Judgement
- Be blessed with abundant water supplies
- Be blessed with abundant pious people
For this reason, the city is sometimes known as Madinah as-Siddiq, ‘The city of as-Siddiq’.
Since members of the blessed Prophetic household settled in Hadramaut in the fourth century of the Hijrah, it has been a centre of sacred knowledge and the attainment of spiritual perfection. For that reason, it has been said that while the Hijrah (migration) of the Prophet peace be upon him was from Makkah to Madinah, the migration of his descendants was to the Valley of Hadramaut.
Sayyiduna Abu Hurairah narrates that the Prophet peace be upon him said:
The people of Yemen have come to you. They are tender-hearted and more delicate of soul. The capacity to understand is of the Yemenis and wisdom is that of the Yemenis.
The city of Tareem has always been the center of the science and spread of Islam, as historians have said. This is so, through the immigrants who came from this city in particular and Hadramaut in general Islam spread to the East of Asia, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei, Darussalam, Philippines, Singapore, also parts of Africa, Congo, Somalia and Sudan.
The Muhajirin were the emigrants who went to preach and, while sufficing their needs with trades, turned heathen states to lands of muslims. Sayyiduna Imam Ahmad bin Hassan Al-Attas said that some scholars of Tareem had migrated since over 1000 years ago, amongst them became qadi in Mesir, when the state and the Al-Azhar University has always been known as the center of Muslim intellectuals
In later centuries, this phenomenon began to change. If scholars used to emigrated from the town of Tareem, now people begin to flock to Tareem to study its sacred knowledge. This has happened well in the time of
Habib Syeikh Abu Bakr bin Salim, his son Hamid and Hussin also in the time of Imam Abdullah Al-Haddad. This happens continuously until the first half of the 13th century. Tareem is increasingly filled with immigrants, among them are Sayyid Imam Al-Habib Soleh Al-Bahrain, Salim bin Sa’id bin Syumail, Syeikh Abdullah Basaudan, Al-Habib Abu Bakr bin Abdullah Al-Attas, and well others. These immigrants stayed in the mosques and zawiyah.
The city, no bigger than the size of districts in Indonesia, is indeed a very special. Although small in size, the number of mosques and zawiyah exceeds more than 365 all across the city. There, students learn traditional Islamic sciences, fiqh and others with teachers found in every corners of mosques and zawiyah.
Such was the scientific activities in the city. Much that it has become so crowded, where students who came from outside Tareem face more and more difficulties in getting a place to stay.
Hadramaut is considered the most religious part of Yemen; Tareem boasts a number of mosques, many of which were built by the pious predecessors of the land. It is a province in which the mixture of tribal and Islamic traditions determines the social life of its inhabitants.
The Sayyid, descended from the Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him, is still to this very day traditionally educated and strict in Islamic observance, and are highly respected in both religious and secular affairs.
Hadramaut is generally hot and dry. The average annual temperature is about 26.7°C, although during the summer high temperatures can exceed 37.8°C. During the winter, the average temperature occasionally falls below 21.1°C. The average rainfall is approximately 73ml per year. A few times throughout the year, however, Hadramaut experiences heavy rainfall resulting in significant flooding.
How to Get There
- 30km away from Tareem
- 5-1h drive to Tareem
- 1433km away from Tareem
- 16-24h drive to Tareem